Welcome to Thailand
Thailand is a Southeast Asian country. It's known for tropical beaches, opulent royal palaces, ancient ruins and ornate temples displaying figures of Buddha Thailand has a land area of 513,115 sq.km.(approx. 127,008 acres) bordered by Malaysia (South), Myanmar (West & North), Laos (North & East) and Cambodia (Southeast). The country's east coast borders the Gulf of Thailand and the west coast abouts the Andaman Sea. The country is divided geographically into four main zones-the fertile central plains, dominated by the Chao Phraya River; the 300-metre-high northeast plateau, the kingdom's most barren region ; the mountainous North; and the tropical southern peninsula.
Thailand is a warm and rather humid tropical country with monsoonal climate. The temperature varies from 38°C to 19°C with the annual average at about 29°C. The humidity is from 66% to 82.8%.
There are three seasons in Northern, Northeastern and Central Thailand -
- Hot - March to May
- Rainy - June to October
- Cool - November to February
There are two seasons in the South -
- Rainy - April to November
- Hot - December to March
**In the North and Northeast in winter, the temperatures are much lower during night time, especially on the mountains, with temperatures lower than 10°C.
Total : 64,785,909
Male : 31,845,971
Female : 32,939,938
**Note** The total population includes only permanent residents.
75% Thais, 11% Chinese, 3.5% Malays, and others are Mons, Khmers, Burmese, Laotians, Indians and a variety of hill tribes.
Thai is the national language. English is widely understood in Bangkok and big cities.
Thai Baht (THB) is the standard currency unit
Buddhists 94.2%, Muslims 4.6%, Christians 0.8%, others 0.4%.
Thailand is a constitutional monarchy headed by King Bhumibol Adulyadej or King Rama IX. The country comprises 77 provinces, each sub-divided into amphoe (district), tambon (subdistrict) and muban (village).
The red, white and blue bands symbolize the nation, religion, and the monarchy respectively.
Nakhon Ratchasima 20,493 sq. km., Chiang Mai 20,107 sq. km., Kanchanaburi 19,483 sq. km.
Phuket 543 sq. km., Chang 429 sq. km., Samui 247 sq. km.
Doi Inthanon 2,565 m., Doi Pha Hom Pok 2,285 m., Doi Chiang Dao
Drink only bottled or boiled water.
Light, cool clothes are highly recommended. Thin cotton is the best. A jacket or sweater may be necessary in the cool season, especially when you are in mountainous areas in the North or Northeast.
GMT + 7 hours.
- Buses Extensive and affordable for travel.
- Air Cheap domestic connection on budget airlines.
- Train slow but scenic between Bangkok & Chiang Mai or Bangkok & Surat Thani.
- Car & Motorcycle Easy to rent for local touring
- Local Transport Shared & chartered Taxi and motorcycle are widely available: bargaining required
- Mobile Police: 191
- Fire Brigade: 199
- Tourist Service Centre:1155